The black soldier fly has shown great promise in addressing two environmental concerns: (1) waste management; and (2) protein supplementation for use as feed for livestock, poultry, and aquaculture. Thus, tremendous efforts have been placed on mass-production of the black soldier fly. Currently, little is known about the thermal tolerance limits of black soldier fly eggs and immatures. The objective of this study was to determine the lower temperature threshold for black soldier fly development. Development time, egg eclosion and adult emergence success were measured at 12, 16 and 19 °C. We determined that the lower threshold for egg hatch was between 12 and 16 °C, taking 15 days to hatch. Furthermore, we determined that the lower temperature threshold for larvae is between 16 and 19 °C with egg hatch in 7.75 days at 19 °C. Mean development time from egg to adult at 19 °C was 72 days.
Lower temperature threshold of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) development
L.A. Holmes Related information
1Department of Biology, Queen’s University, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, K7L 3N6 Ontario, Canada., S.L. VanLaerhoven Related information
2Department of Biology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, N9B 3P4 Ontario, Canada., J.K. Tomberlin Related information
3Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, 2475 TAMU, College Station, 77843-2475 TX, USA.
Journal of Insects as Food and Feed: 2 (4)- Pages: 255 - 262
Published Online: June 10, 2016
For institutional orders, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Effects of defatted yellow mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) on the feed qualities and the growth performance of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)C. Ge, H. Cheng, J. Li, H. Wang, S. Ma, Y. Qin and M. Xue
Effects of insecticides on lesser mealworm (Alphitobius diaperinus) – bioaccumulation, mortality, and growthN. Meijer, T. de Rijk, J.J.A. van Loon, M.W. Bosch and H.J. van der Fels-Klerx
G. Bosch and K.S. Swanson
A. van Huis
D.G.A.B. Oonincx and M.D. Finke
Nutritional value of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) and its suitability as animal feed – a reviewK.B. Barragan-Fonseca, M. Dicke and J.J.A. van Loon
A. van Huis
Influence of different growing substrates and processing on the nutrient composition of black soldier fly larvae destined for animal feedM. Tschirner and A. Simon
African edible insects for food and feed: inventory, diversity, commonalities and contribution to food securityS. Kelemu, S. Niassy, B. Torto, K. Fiaboe, H. Affognon, H. Tonnang, N.K. Maniania and S. Ekesi
D.G.A.B. Oonincx, A. van Huis and J.J.A. van Loon