In many countries, particularly in populations with a Western lifestyle, allergic diseases are on the rise. As genetic factors have not changed, environmental factors must be playing a role. Recently, attention has been focused on the role of the gut microbiota. However, despite many years of extensive research, the link between the gut microbiota and allergic diseases still has not been fully clarified. The primary objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of allergic diseases. The role of probiotics and/or prebiotics as microbiota modifiers for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases is reviewed. The focus is on allergic diseases typically found in infants.
Chapter 9 The role of intestinal microbiota in infant allergic diseases
Pages: 165 - 178
Published Online: July 14, 2017